The temples (there is a smaller second at a short distance from the main building) were built by Pharaoh Ramses II in honor of himself and his favorite wife, Nefertari. The Great Temple at Abu Simbel, which took about twenty years to build, was completed around year 24 of the reign of Ramesses the Great (which corresponds to 1265 BC).
Ramesses II (her husband) also constructed a temple for her at Abu Simbel next to his colossal monument there. Nefertari got married to Ramesses II even before he was ascended the throne. Nefertari had at least four sons and two daughters respectively. Meritamen and Henuttawy are her two royal daughters and her four sons are Amun-her-khepeshef.
Scholars cannot prove that there is a real relationship between Moses and Ramesses II because it is unclear if Ramesses II is the pharaoh mentioned in conjunction with Moses in the Bible. In fact, scholars even squabble over whether there were two pharaohs or just one during the time Moses spent in Egypt. If Ramesses II was one of the pharaohs who reigned during the Hebrew exodus in Egypt.
Born on the 22 of February 1303 B.C., Ramesses II ruled for 66 years as the third king of the 19 th Dynasty, before he died in 1213 B.C. Nefertari, Ramesses II’s favourite wife, was born in 1301 and reigned alongside him beginning in 1279. Her date of death is unknown but seems to have occurred scarcely three years after Year Twenty One (McDonald 1996).
Family. Ramesses was the eldest son of Ramesses II and Queen Isetnofret, and the second son overall after Amunherkhepeshef, the eldest son of the Great Royal Wife Nefertari. Born during the reign of his grandfather Sethi I, he had at least one sister and two brothers.His sister Bintanath was elevated to the position of Great Royal Wife later in the reign of Ramesses II and played an important.
Wall Painting depicting, the God Ra-Harachte, with Nefertari, Great Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses II, Inside the tomb (QV66) of Nefertari, in Egypt's Valley of the Queens. It was discovered by Ernesto Schiaparelli in 1904. It is called the Sistine Chapel of Ancient Egypt. In the Valley of the Queens, Nefertari's tomb once held the mummified body and representative symbolisms of her, like what most.
Nefertari (named “Naptera” in the Hittite records) was the Chief Wife of Ramesses II, and mother of his first-born son, crown prince Amunherkhepsef. Nefertari (see left) received numerous honours from her royal husband during her lifetime, including divine adoration in her own temple (opposite top) at Abu Simbel, dedicated to the queen and the goddess Hathor, demonstrating her great.
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